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Farm Ponds
Creating and Stocking a Farm Pond
Creating a water lily farm pond is really simple and rather inexpensive to set up, but you should not attempt to do this on your own.  Professional help will be needed, and sometimes you even need government approval. Make sure to speak with an expert after you choice a site.

After you have consulted with an expert, you can begin building. A farm pond normally requires about 10-30 acres of watershed. You could also build a farm pond at a place where a stream or spring can fill the area. Getting the right water amount can be difficult, so you will want to work with a professional.
You need to consider the soil for your ponds basin. You may also need government approval, dams and spillways. You can consult the two leaflets issued by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.:

"How to Build a Farm Pond" and "Managing Farm Fishponds for Bass and Bluegills."
Check the government websites for addresses and cost of leaflet.

After the building of your farm pond is complete, you can start to think about what plants you want to add. The purpose of a farm pond is to provide water for your livestock, to create a boating or fishing facilities, for fire protection, or to bring in waterfowl. You can plant any type of plants you like, whether basic or decorative. Make sure to have a planting plan though so your farm pond does not become overgrown, and affect the functionality of your pond.

Water lilies are a great addition to your pond. Marliac water lilies will work will in a farm pond. They require little attention, and come in a wide variety of colors!
Tropical lilies are another great choice. These lilies will not spread out easily, but they will help to keep the pond free of unnecessary plant life.  These lilies will require more work, and if not cared for, they will die in the winter.

Lotus lilies are a wonderful idea for farm ponds. This will add beauty to your farm pond. Remember the lotus is hard to start and can be difficult to curb. Be sure to plant the tubers In boxes to prevent them from spreading!

Border plants are great, and even though they spread, they can be easily controlled while adding beauty to your setting. Most border plants spread only in shallow areas or along the outside. They are easily trimmed and maintainable. You could also choose to plant them in containers to keep them in check!

You will want to fertilize your farm pond as well, during the building process. If you are going to have a plants in your pond, fertilizer will make it more productive.
The best option is commercial mineral fertilizer. This will not leave your pond scummy like natural fertilizers like manure. Check with the Soil Conservation to seek the best advice.
You can place fertilizer on the top or the bottom of the pond. If you spray on the top, make sure it will not run off taking the nutrients with it.

Stocking the Pond

The final step is stocking your pond with fish. Fish are great for aesthethics, goldfish make the best options. Make sure you add enough fish  so they can be easily seen, and breed quickly, to make up for fish lost in the spillways. Remember, these fish can growup to a foot or more in natural settings. Create prettier spots for feeding!
If your farm pond’s purpose is to be fishing, goldfish are a bad choice. The larger game fish will eat your goldfish, making them impractical and not cost effective!